By Phillippe Panerai, Jean Castex, Jean Charles Depaule
This renowned and influential paintings, translated the following into English for the 1st time, argues that sleek urbanism has disillusioned the morphology of towns, abolished their streets and remoted their structures. In tracing the phases of this variation, this publication provides the view that the city tissue, the intermediate scale among the structure of structures and the diagrammatic layouts of city making plans, is the fundamental framework for way of life.
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LONDON: THE GARDEN CITIES, 1905–25 ﬁrm base. This context gave Ebenezer Howard the opportunity to publish Tomorrow,32 a theoretical and personal work, which proposes a particular mode of growth: the satellite city. Howard’s proposals are essentially economic in their preoccupations. He examined the problem of municipal management and of ﬁnancing the construction of cities, and presented the garden city as the most economical and the soundest solution for the growth of a large city. Howard, convinced of the soundness of his theories, threw himself into the creation of a garden city.
This is tolerable only when ‘the others’ can be considered ‘the same’ in an anonymous confusion of status. One can see that this solution presupposed a ﬂattening of the social spectrum, a convenience that functioned as a mask in order to hide diﬀerences. Since then, there were no more private social relationships in the courtyard and no more hidden or barely tolerated activities. There was no other place in the plot where these activities were tolerated, either: the plot had lost its depth and the succession of spaces towards the interior had been truncated.
It was a model for integrating activities and established the possibility of distributing some multiple functions. It worked as an eﬃcient system, which did not have to designate changing and relative functions, but rather the association and exclusion relationships between functions and places. e. the recuperation of an empty and available structure), even the diversion of access ways. It was often the case that at the edge, which was directly connected with the street, the ground was more carefully subdivided, so that a densiﬁcation took place, which allowed the interior of the block to be the place for larger land use and a less tight plot subdivision.
Urban Forms. THE DEATH AND LIFE OF THE URBAN BLOCK by Phillippe Panerai, Jean Castex, Jean Charles Depaule