By George Schopflin, Geoffrey Hosking
The stormy finish of the 20th century, either in Europe and in other places, has once more proven what the remainder of the century proven in plentiful degree: that the ideals a humans holds approximately its shared destiny symbolize one of many primary using forces of recent society. nationwide myths are the most important to figuring out the realm we are living in.
Yet unusually, even though they're always being evoked, little concerted paintings has been performed at the nature and capabilities of myths referring to nationhood. as a result, in the course of 1995–6 the heritage and Social technological know-how Departments of the college of Slavonic and East eu reports together equipped a seminar sequence to enquire the topic. The periods have been enormously good attended and the discussions they generated tremendous stimulating and revealing. We quickly stumbled on ourselves wandering some distance past vital and japanese Europe, and authorized that as a good virtue. We additionally came upon — opposite to what many people had anticipated — that democratic ‘civil’ societies looked as if it would depend on myths simply up to authoritarian ‘ethnic’ ones.
In the suggest time the varsity used to be relocating in the direction of the institution of a Centre for the learn of Nationalism in Europe, and it used to be determined that its first enterprise will be the operating of a two-day overseas convention on ‘Myths and Nationhood’. This was once held in October 1996, and the current quantity makes on hand, in revised and up to date shape, the papers brought then.
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Extra resources for Myths and Nationhood
In part, the argument forwarded by the ICIC is that the presence of anchor institutions adds to other factors identified by Michael Porter that create a competitive advantage for inner-cities in relation to economic development (Porter, 1995; ICIC, 2011). Anchors and New Urban Regimes Discussions of anchor institutions have appeared with increased frequency in academic literature. Much of this literature focuses on the transformation of institutions and the built environment in the modern city.
For instance, the federal Race to the Top grant program (RTTT) has served as a mechanism to institute reforms in underperforming inner-city schools. However, reforms adopted under RTTT are weighted toward evaluating teacher and school performance, rather than empowering teachers, students and parents in the decision-making processes of schools. Reforms under RTTT stress the adoption of teacher and student performance standards advocated for by the philanthropic community as well as mechanisms to facilitate the reorganization of traditional public schools into charter schools (Fabricant & Fine, 2012; Silverman, 2012).
Similarly, governance mechanisms intended to enable community input, such as neighborhood planning committees, may amplify some community voices while diminishing others (Bockmeyer, 2007). Just as shuffling cargo on and off a ship requires adjustments to maintain buoyancy, altering decision making instruments that give more weight to some political actors may lead to reductions in weight for others, resetting the political metacenter. 3 Once rules-of-game establish the metacenter – what Pierson calls ‘equilibrium’ – it becomes more difficult for the ‘losers’ to change them, creating ‘path-dependency’ (Pierson, 2004).
Myths and Nationhood by George Schopflin, Geoffrey Hosking