By S. Petrilli Augusto Ponzio
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Extra resources for Man as a sign : essays on the philosophy of language
What is interpreted and becomes a sign because of this — whether it be an utterance or a whole line of conduct (verbal or nonverbal), or a written text, or a dream - does not lie at the mercy of a single interprétant. This is so precisely because the interpreted is open to several interpretations and is therefore the crossing point of numerous interpretative routes. We have called this type of materiality semiotic because of its wholly sign nature: it is not an a priori property as regards interpretative routes.
Between the interpreted and interprétant (premiss and conclusion) of deductive interpretation, there is a relation of determination between the antecedent and consequent characterized by the same constrictive force with which the past imposes itself upon the present. Interpretation ensues passively, it finds its premisses ready, like a fait accompli. In the case of induction, the conclusion is not imposed by the premisses and is susceptible of revision. Here, we do not have the predetermination of one dialogue part in virtue of the other, as occurs in deduction where the premisses could not exist if the fact asserted in the conclusion did not exist.
Therefore, each time something is a sign this is so because we are able to provide it with meaning through something else which is its interpretation. This "something else" is necessarily another sign. — A noise in the room next door. Interpretation: "someone's there", whispered or thought, or expressed with a gesture, or with a "sssh", etc. — A gesture of the hand. Interpretation. ", etc. — The smell of smoke. Interpretation: "Pipe tobacco", etc. — The written text "Verbal signs (oral or written) and nonverbal signs are connected to each other like the nodes, the intersections in a large, thick network".
Man as a sign : essays on the philosophy of language by S. Petrilli Augusto Ponzio