By Filipe Teles (auth.)
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Additional info for Local Governance and Inter-municipal Cooperation
There are four major arguments used to explain the endeavour of inter-municipal cooperation, resulting from different frameworks: the political economy model; the network theory approach; the public choice argument; and the collective action approach. The first considers local agents as able to ponder costs and benefits both of the political and the economic aspects of service delivery cooperation. This sets a rationale for the economic efficiency of supra-municipal arrangements, explaining why economies of scale can justify cooperation to provide specific services.
The fragmented model recognises the benefits of competition between municipalities and assumes citizens to be able and prone to select amongst municipalities which ones are best to live in. In these cases municipalities select their own priorities and policies in order to provide the right mix of services to their inhabitants, who, in response, choose to actively engage in the polity. Charles Tiebout’s (1956) theory of local expenditures and its claim that people tend to put pressure on local governments to provide the services according to their expectations, since they ‘vote with their feet’ (or choose to live where it is best for them), reflects this model in its purest form.
Their complementarity, particularly in metropolitan areas, is quite evident. , 1978). 0006 44 Local Governance and Inter-municipal Cooperation partnerships, by local governments’ coalitions, by the creation of regional authorities or agencies or by consolidated metropolitan governments (Carr and Feiock, 2003). The relationship between cooperation and competition in regional governance is a particularly interesting issue in public policy and political science research, though their arrangements, scope and scale vary significantly across countries.
Local Governance and Inter-municipal Cooperation by Filipe Teles (auth.)