By Steffen Mau, H. Brabandt, L. Laube, Christof Roos
Country borders keep watch over cross-border mobility and make sure peoples' percentages to commute, paintings, and learn around the globe. This ebook seems at how worldwide mobility is outlined through borders in 2011 compared to the Seventies. The authors hint the transformation of OECD-state borders in fresh many years and exhibit how borders became ever extra selective.
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Additional resources for Liberal States and the Freedom of Movement: Selective Borders, Unequal Mobility
In her view, Kant was primarily interested in the expansion of commerce and the reduction of distances rather than in the issue of the political participation of “strangers”. His right to hospitality, therefore, remains limited to temporary sojourns, whereas Benhabib tries to build a bridge between temporary sojourns and permanent residence and asks under what conditions a guest can become a member of a sovereign republic. According to her, a cosmopolitan right is a right “precisely because it is grounded upon the common humanity of each and every person and his or her freedom of will which also includes the freedom to travel beyond the confines of one’s cultural, religious and ethnocentric walls” (Benhabib 2004: 40).
This was, however, discarded for reasons of security and national interest. Still, it was suggested that restrictions on travel were to be removed and that examinations at frontiers should become less inconvenient (Salter 2003: 85). In 1949, the UN’s General Assembly proclaimed – in the spirit of liberal norms – an albeit restricted right to free movement when it adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Its Article 13 calls upon states to ensure that everyone living on their territory has Nation-State Building and the Regulation of Mobility 23 not only the right to freedom of movement and residence within its borders but also the right to leave his or her country and return to it.
In fact, an individual who is authorized to leave his country but not allowed to enter any other could claim that the right to leave is violated. Taking this view, “emigration and immigration then inextricably complement each other and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has somehow stopped halfway in its recognition of a right to move” (Pécoud and Guchterneire 2006: 75). Of course, the most basic condition for being able to make use of the right to exit is that some other place(s) be legally accessible.
Liberal States and the Freedom of Movement: Selective Borders, Unequal Mobility by Steffen Mau, H. Brabandt, L. Laube, Christof Roos