Les Lois sont sans doute le dernier des dialogues écrits par Platon. Dans les douze livres de cette somme législative d'une extraordinaire ambition, le philosophe se prononce sur un nombre exorbitant d'aspects de los angeles vie humaine et civique, produit une véritable histoire politique de l'humanité, et rappelle, avec une clarté qui n'a guère d'équivalent dans les autres dialogues, les principes généraux de sa " body " et de sa cosmologie : le bonheur du citoyen dépend de l'excellence de los angeles cité, laquelle doit prendre modèle sur l'ordre du monde. Les Lois soumettent le devenir de los angeles cité - ses ressources, les conflits qui l. a. menacent et les remèdes qu'on peut y apporter, l'éducation de l'ensemble des citoyens, leurs comportements, jusqu'aux plus intimes, les coutumes et croyances traditionnelles - à des principes communs et intangibles. Ce code de lois écrites passe au crible d'un examen rationnel les stipulations d'existence de l. a. cité excellente : de l. a. loi sur l. a. date de los angeles cueillette des culmination jusqu'à celle qui condamne l'athéisme, en passant par les recommandations relations aux mœurs sexuelles, rien n'échappe à l'autorité du législateur. Le greatest ouvrage de philosophie politique et de philosophie du droit est également l'un des chefs-d'œuvre de Platon.
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Additional resources for Les lois : Livres I à VI
Motivation can be stable and general if participants share a common moral view, and that view has been “internalized” into their motivational system – if they are convinced (by tradition, upbringing, or simply good argument at the political level) of its justiﬁcation. Having one’s identity constituted by the value system in question is one way for motivations to be established, but it is not the only way. One can recognize no deep identity with the overall value system that structures one’s community, in the deep self-constituting sense of identity, but nevertheless be consistently moved to respect its dictates.
And we will see below that there are few reasons to believe that such a true self can be identiﬁed and few theorists who want to commit themselves to its existence. The other strategy for claiming that self-reﬂections will be systematically distorting rests on the view that such reﬂections are themselves mere outgrowths of the very background forces and relational elements that are being evaluated in the ﬁrst place. ). However, defenders of individualism can clearly accept the general ontological thesis that human beings exist in a world, either as naturalistic, biological organisms or some more abstractly conceived being-in-the-world.
30 The Politics of Persons ii. the social self thesis and human psychology Leaving aside the view that human selves are essentially social in their deﬁning conditions, we can now turn to the related but diﬀerent idea that, as a matter of fact (many, most, or all) people are, to varying degrees, deeply connected to external factors in their self-identiﬁcations, cognitive structures, values, and the like. That is, as a matter of contingent fact, selves are social. Now, as the list in the earlier sentence shows, there are several possibilities to be considered here.
Les lois : Livres I à VI by Plato