By Rodney Barker
From army despots to democratic presidents, rulers spend a lot time convincing themselves in their correct to be liable. this crucial and unique new survey attracts on a transforming into physique of study in political technological know-how, background, and sociology to bare how governments dedicate time, assets, and effort to cultivating their very own feel of who they're, now not for the convenience or persuasion of the general public, yet for his or her personal self-justification and esteem.
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Additional resources for Legitimating Identities: The Self-Presentations of Rulers and Subjects
It could, alternatively, be seen as a constitutive need in the same way that animals need warm blood in order to be mammals – without it they would not be mammals, and the need is a need for certain characteristics or functions in order to be one thing rather than another. THREE GROUPS OF ACTORS In the drama of legitimation there are three groups: custodians – rulers, kings, presidents, prime ministers – all those engaged in governing; cousins, the ‘near and dear’ – those who stand in a privileged position in relation to the custodians without themselves actually governing; and subjects – the ordinary citizens, voters, and people.
Laski, Studies in the Problem of Sovereignty, quoted in David Nicholls, The Pluralist State: The Political Ideas of J. N. Figgis and His Contemporaries nd edn (London, ), p. . Steven Shapin, The Scientiﬁc Revolution (Chicago, Chicago University Press, ). Legitimating identities Weber envisaged a progression from charismatic to legal rational legitimation as charisma was bureaucratised. There was also, as Peter Blau has pointed out, a tension between his theoretical and his historical observations.
We do not, in other words, need to treat as real objects the alleged ends of political argument, of rhetoric, of the justiﬁcatory side of political contest. To talk of legitimation is to talk of something that people do, a contest between rulers and their opponents, or between competing sides in a civil war, a dynastic conﬂict, or the politics of coups or insurrections. It is to remain outside the activity, describing and analysing it. To talk of ‘legitimacy’, on the other hand, is to actualise what may be actual to the participants, but is to the observer simply a metaphor or hypothetical state or abbreviation employed by those whom she studies.
Legitimating Identities: The Self-Presentations of Rulers and Subjects by Rodney Barker