By Andrew & Stainton, Robert J. Brook
This is often the single modern textual content to hide either epistemology and philosophy of brain at an introductory point. It additionally serves as a normal advent to philosophy: it discusses the character and techniques of philosophy in addition to easy logical instruments of the exchange. The publication is split into 3 elements. the 1st makes a speciality of wisdom, particularly, skepticism and information of the exterior international, and information of language. the second one specializes in brain, together with the metaphysics of brain and freedom of will. The 3rd brings jointly wisdom and brain, discussing wisdom of brain (other minds and our personal) and naturalism and the way epistemology and philosophy of brain come jointly in modern cognitive technological know-how. all through, the authors consider the desires of the start philosophy pupil. they've got made very attempt to make sure accessibility whereas retaining accuracy.
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Extra resources for Knowledge and Mind: A Philosophical Introduction
9 The crucial idea behind functionalism, the idea that setsit irretrievably apart from the identity theory of the mind, is the notion we just introduced: multiple realizability. Saysthe functionalist, there will almost always be a number of different ways of performing eachtask, and different brains may do the sametask differently. This is multiple realizability: the sametask can be implementedor realizedin different ways in different brains (not to mention other information -processingsystems, such as computers).
Theseviews are initially lessplausible than views that hold that minds exist, but they have played an important role in twentiethcentury intellectual life and deservesomeattention. IO The best-known version of behaviorism, and the one that we will consider, is the one associatedwith B. F. Skinner. This theory assertsthat there is only behavior and the organism's DISPOSITIONS to behave. ll (Dispositions are tendenciesto react in a certain way in the face of certain inputs. Thus, glass has a disposition to break when hit , but steeldoesnot.
6 . Describe each of the three kinds of dualism noted above : substance , property , and explanatory dualism . Some people think that explanatory dualism isn 't really a kind of dualism at all . Why might they think this ? Are they right ? 7. Contrast functionalism with the identity theory . In what sense are both func tionalists and identity theorists committed to the existence of minds ? In what sense are both camps materialist nonetheless? ) 8. Explain what is meant by folk psychology . , may not really exist ?
Knowledge and Mind: A Philosophical Introduction by Andrew & Stainton, Robert J. Brook