By Michael Walzer
From the Athenian assault on Melos to the My Lai bloodbath, from the wars within the Balkans throughout the first struggle in Iraq, Michael Walzer examines the ethical concerns surrounding army concept, struggle crimes, and the spoils of struggle. He reviews a number of conflicts over the process heritage, in addition to the testimony of these who've been such a lot without delay involved--participants, determination makers, and sufferers. In his advent to this new version, Walzer particularly addresses the ethical concerns surrounding the warfare in and career of Iraq, reminding us once more that "the argument approximately conflict and justice continues to be a political and ethical necessity."
Read or Download Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations (5th Edition) PDF
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Additional resources for Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations (5th Edition)
But Thomas Hobbes was born in middle England into a Tudor society which was beginning to collapse into the acrimony of the English Civil War. Much has been made of this fact, as explaining 49 50 POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY Hobbes’ desire for one all-powerful authority, and perhaps it is too easy to explain away retrospectively Hobbes’ unique contribution to the development of the western model of society. After all, the Greeks lived in circumstances in which governments were continually coming and going, and yet they produced theories favouring quite different aims.
Not that he thinks very much of it, considering it a close relation of anarchy. ‘What is the character of this new regime? ’ ‘First of all, they are free. Liberty and free speech are rife everywhere; anyone is allowed to do what he likes... ’ The kind of democracy the city states practised was significantly different from more recent versions. Decisions were not delegated to representatives, who would, we might like to suppose, have special expertise and training, but were decided upon at mass 26 POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY meetings of all citizens, that is citizens with no particular knowledge or claim to qualification.
As Machiavelli notes, ‘the pretexts for seizing property are never wanting, and one who begins to live by rapine will always find some reason for taking the goods of others, whereas causes for taking life are more fleeting’. Actually, much of Machiavelli’s notoriety probably relates to his attacks on the Roman Church, the body that he blames for the political ruin of Italy, even though, on his deathbed, he asked for – and received – absolution (although this could of course have been just a ploy) At one point Machiavelli writes (pre-dating Nietzsche, for example, by some 400 years): ‘Our religion has glorified humble THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THE STATE 37 and contemplative men, rather than men of action.
Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations (5th Edition) by Michael Walzer