William Wayne Farris's Japan to 1600: A Social and Economic History PDF

By William Wayne Farris

ISBN-10: 0824833252

ISBN-13: 9780824833251

ISBN-10: 0824833791

ISBN-13: 9780824833794

Japan to 1600 surveys jap historic improvement from the 1st facts of human habitation within the archipelago to the consolidation of political energy less than the Tokugawa shogunate before everything of the 17th century. it's specific between introductory texts for its specialise in advancements that impacted all social periods instead of the privileged and strong few. In obtainable language punctuated with energetic and engaging examples, William Wayne Farris weaves jointly significant monetary and social issues. The booklet specializes in continuity and alter in social and fiscal constructions and reviews, however it on no account ignores the political and cultural. so much chapters start with an summary of political advancements, and cultural phenomena―particularly non secular beliefs―are additionally taken into consideration. moreover, Japan to 1600 addresses the becoming connectedness among citizens of the archipelago and the remainder of the world.

Farris describes how the early population of the islands moved from a forager mode of subsistence to a extra predominantly agrarian base, supplemented through refined industries and a sophisticated advertisement economic climate. He finds how the transition to farming came about over many centuries as humans moved backward and forward from settled agriculture to older forager-collector regimes in keeping with ecological, political, and private components. Economics stimulated demographics, and, because the inhabitants elevated, the category constitution turned more and more complicated and occupational specialization and standing divisions extra complex. in addition to this got here traits towards extra tightly knit company firms (village, urban, marketplace, family), and periods of servants, slaves, and outcastes shaped.

In reflecting the range of conventional Japan’s financial system and society, Japan to 1600 is definitely suited to either undergraduate and graduate classes and may be a welcome creation to Japan’s early historical past for students and scholars of different disciplines and regions.

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Extra resources for Japan to 1600: A Social and Economic History

Sample text

Within a century, however, giant tombs reveal enormous caches of iron weapons and woodworking and farming tools. At Ariyama Tomb near Osaka, for instance, archaeologists have uncovered 85 swords, 8 pike points, 1,542 arrowheads, 134 hand ax blades, 201 sickles, 49 U-shaped shovel or spade fittings, and 90 chisels, all dated to the mid-fifth century. The source for all this iron had to be continental, and most likely Korean, because residents of the islands did not discover their meager deposits of iron sand and ore until after 500.

Even where rice farming flourished, people continued to hunt, fish, and gather to supplement their diets. The conversion of the entire Japanese archipelago to an essentially agrarian society required hundreds of years of refinement of agricultural techniques by thousands of people. It was still ongoing in the 1600s. Living in an age when new technology is eagerly adopted, we might ask why the progress of wet-rice farming was slow. After all, rice is the most calorific of all grains, leading to large populations wherever it is eaten.

Both the tombs and mythology suggest that there was belief in an afterlife, either dark and polluting or maritime and subliminal. Women apparently had special powers to communicate with the realm beyond, and mountains comprised sacred routes to the other world. Most people held animistic beliefs that gods and goddesses inhabited nature. Believers sought to mollify nature—its floods, droughts, or the falling of spirit-possessing trees—through entreaties and petitions. Finally, beliefs were profoundly this-worldly and focused on pragmatic concerns such as the prevention of disease and death, prayers for rain to water the crops, or taboos surrounding the safe delivery of children.

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Japan to 1600: A Social and Economic History by William Wayne Farris

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