By Paul Pillar
A profession of approximately 3 a long time with the CIA and the nationwide Intelligence Council confirmed Paul R. Pillar that intelligence reforms, in particular measures enacted on account that Sep 11, should be deeply faulty. they typically pass over the assets that underwrite failed coverage and misperceive our skill to learn open air impacts. in addition they misconceive the intelligence-policy courting and advertise adjustments that weaken intelligence-gathering operations.In this publication, Pillar confronts the intelligence myths american citizens have come to depend on to provide an explanation for nationwide tragedies, together with the assumption that intelligence drives significant nationwide defense judgements and will be fastened to prevent destiny mess ups. Pillar believes those assumptions waste serious assets and create destructive regulations, diverting realization clear of smarter reform, they usually hold american citizens from spotting the bounds of available knowledge.Pillar revisits U.S. international coverage throughout the chilly warfare and highlights the small function intelligence performed in these judgements, and he demonstrates the negligible influence that America's so much infamous intelligence mess ups had on U.S. coverage and pursuits. He then studies intimately the occasions of Sep 11 and the 2003 invasion of Iraq, condemning the Sept. 11 fee and the George W. Bush management for his or her portrayals of the function of intelligence. Pillar bargains an unique method of greater informing U.S. coverage, which consists of insulating intelligence administration from politicization and decreasing the politically appointed layer within the govt department to strive against slanted perceptions of international threats. Pillar concludes with ideas for adapting international coverage to inevitable uncertainties.
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Extra info for Intelligence and U.S. Foreign Policy: Iraq, 9 11, and Misguided Reform
11 Some critics of the administration dismissed the rhetoric as an after-the-fact scramble for a rationale for the war following the nondiscovery of the unconventional weapons programs that earlier had been the chief selling point. But the theme of democratic transformation and reform was too fully developed in the administration’s statements, too prominent a part of the administration’s overall policy toward the Middle East, and too much at the core of neoconservative doctrine to be merely rhetorical rationalization.
S. forces invaded Iraq, President Bush emphasized that the proposed war was about the spread of freedom and democracy. He presented a democratic domino theory, in which Iraq would be the first in a row of dominoes in the Middle East. ” A spread of democratic values is in everyone’s interest, the president continued, and he perceived a Middle East that would be receptive to those values. ”11 Some critics of the administration dismissed the rhetoric as an after-the-fact scramble for a rationale for the war following the nondiscovery of the unconventional weapons programs that earlier had been the chief selling point.
Unlike technical details such as the thickness of aluminum tubes, buying uranium was something even Joe Public could understand or thinks he understands. The policymakers did not care that even if Iraq had purchased ore in Niger, it would have made little or no difference to an Iraqi nuclear program given that Iraq already had a large stockpile of uranium oxide. What mattered to them was not any implication for analysis of whether Iraq had such a program but instead what would help them to sell a war to the American public.
Intelligence and U.S. Foreign Policy: Iraq, 9 11, and Misguided Reform by Paul Pillar