By György Lukács
"George Lukacs's background and sophistication attention is a very impressive paintings, and its English translation, after nearly fifty years of forget through English and American publishers, is a tremendous event.... the whole caliber of Lukacs's brilliance is such a lot powerfully manifested during this 'youthful' paintings (done while only 38!), the place he finds himself as by way of a ways and away the main proficient thinker between 20th-century Marxists, and as their so much penetrating critic of latest culture.... he's a big stimulus within the improvement of what's definitely the main artistic institution of social theorists within the twentieth century, and of whom Herbert Marcuse is just the best-known member. For all this, then, we owe homage to Georg Lukacs."
—Alvin W. Gouldner, ny instances ebook evaluate
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Additional info for History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics
10 The truth of the doxa is based on the understanding that although everyone experiences the same world, it opens itself differently to all persons, depending upon their position in it. 11 Doxa is in-between the subjective and the objective and concerns the truth of one’s experience of the world. In an article called ‘Truth and Politics’, Arendt suggests that the crucial difference between truth and opinion is in ‘their mode of asserting validity’ (PA 555). Statements of truth coerce because there is something undeniable about them that is beyond disagreement or dispute, such as the statement ‘the three angles of a triangle are equal to two angles of the square’ (PA 555).
Arendt calls the relationship between totalitarian view of nature and history ‘acting into nature’, and ‘acting into history’ to signify the political effect of these ideological beliefs. 10 The goal is to assist the process of nature in order to maintain the law of nature that has somehow failed to maintain itself. Alternatively, she describes Stalinism as driven by a fabrication of the law of history because of its commitment to the infinite creation of a Marxist/Stalinist society. For Arendt, the way that totalitarianism functions is that it places unsurpassed power in the hands of a single individual or ruler who sacrifices immediate interests for some extreme and fictitious reality to be actualized in an ever distant future (OT 412).
Typically, the purpose of modern government is viewed as promoting the common good of the people and if not the overall collective good, then at least governments are believed to be interested in securing and protecting the private, individual interests of the citizens. Totalitarianism clearly functions against the interests of the targeted groups in society, but additionally, even for those who appear friendly to the state, totalitarian regimes demand ‘total, unrestricted, unconditional, and unalterable loyalty of the individual member’, at the expense of their private concerns or interests, turning the purpose of government entirely upside down (OT 323).
History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics by György Lukács