By Stewart Firth
The Pacific Islands are feeling the results of globalisation. unfastened exchange in sugar and clothes is threatening of Fiji's key industries. whilst different possibilities are rising. Labour migration is growing to be in value, and Pacific governments are calling for extra entry to Australia's labour industry. Fiji has joined Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu and Kiribati as a remittance economic system, with hundreds of thousands of its electorate operating abroad. interim, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands grapple with an older type of globalisation during which in a foreign country businesses take advantage of mineral and wooded area assets. The Pacific Islands confront precise difficulties of governance during this period of globalisation. the trendy, democratic nation frequently suits awkwardly with conventional methods of doing politics in that a part of the realm. simply as frequently, politicians within the Pacific take advantage of culture or invent it to serve smooth political reasons. The individuals to this quantity learn Pacific globalisation and governance from a variety of views. they arrive from Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Hawai'i, the Federated States of Micronesia, Samoa, Fiji, New Zealand and Jamaica in addition to Australia.
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Additional resources for Globalisation and governance in the Pacific Islands
The most recent civil society challenges to reform and trade liberalisation have occurred in Tonga. A massive strike by civil servants in 2005 was triggered by the impacts of public sector reforms, which had introduced large remuneration increases for very senior public servants. The success of the strike, together with the growing strength of Tonga’s Democracy Movement and public disenchantment with the impacts of a consumption tax (introduced to offset expected revenue losses from tariff reduction once Tonga joined the WTO), encouraged a broad coalition of NGOs, trade unions and church organisations to convene a workshop in late October on the implications of Tonga’s accession to the WTO under terms agreed to during WTO Working Party negotiations, and subsequently to organise a public campaign to try to stop the Tongan Government from proceeding with the accession plans.
As amorphous as the movement against neo-liberalism and economic globalisation is, its diverse ‘membership’ does cohere around an unequivocal renunciation of neo-liberal orthodoxy and the new world order being constructed on this blueprint. This is evident in the already cited slogan of the World Social Forum (WSF). 4 Latin American sociologist Boaventura de Sousa Santos, in a detailed political analysis of WSF, explains its significance in simply ‘claiming the existence of alternatives to neo-liberal globalisation’.
These constraints extend to human resources and, among the region’s people, the numbers of those with the capacity, critical perspective and inclination to be activists are in short supply. Becoming an activist is a heart and soul thing — it comes from an understanding of, and deep concern about, injustice and a dedication to working to change it. In a small society it takes courage to remain an activist, and it often carries considerable personal costs. In today’s world of professionalised NGOs, activists are a dying breed.
Globalisation and governance in the Pacific Islands by Stewart Firth