By Jay Richard Judson
Gerrit van Honthorst (1590-1656), recognized this present day basically for his candlelight scenes, was once additionally recognized through the 17th century for his mythological and old work, and was once a favourite of the courts 1 in England, Denmark and the Netherlands. it truly is my goal the following to check his oeuvre so one can be sure his contribution to the advance ment of Dutch portray at the moment. In discussing Honthorst, i've got selected basically these work that are autograph to prevent basing conclusions upon works of questionable attri bution. the matter work which i've got made up our minds to be from his hand can be handled within the Catalogue Raisonne. i've got handled Honthorst's portraiture in simple terms in as far as it appeared to be of value for brand new tendencies in Dutch portray. the fundamental fabric referring to Honthorst used to be first released by way of seasoned fessor G. J. Hoogewerff in 3 articles for Onze Kunst in 1917. during this sequence of articles Professor Hoogewerff proven a chronology of Hont horst's Italian works and gave a few indication of his stylistic improvement.
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Additional info for Gerrit van Honthorst: A Discussion of his Position in Dutch Art
These artists took over certain concepts of Caravaggio, but they never possessed Caravaggio's gift of reproducing a direct, warm and human religious scene. 1 They attempted to imitate his chiaraseuro effects but in their misuse of chiaraseuro they failed to achieve the psychological penetration ofthe human element which Caravaggio attained with such vividness through his system of color and illumination. Caravaggio's followers did not understand the spiritual profundity of their "master," and for this reason, they should not be too closely connected with the genius from Lombardy.
Honthorst had been exposed to both of these characteristics before his trip to Italy, for they were part of a lang tradition in Northern Europe. Therefore, Honthorst did not have to journey to Italy in order to discover realism and chiaroscuro, but it was indeed necessary for him to travel to Rome in order to see Caravaggio's revolutionary interpretation ofthese elements. Caravaggio's significance lies in his fusion of realism with chiaraseuro in such a way that the realism is accentuated by the mysticallight emanating from an unknown source, which establishes a strong psychological and religious mood.
These parallels emphasize the proximity in time of the group of paintings (frontispiece, figs. 5,6) generally accepted as having been completed around 1617 and 1618, and the Crowning with Thorns. One must conclude that the third Passion Chapel picture was finished on1y about a year before Honthorst started to workon the Montecompatri, London and Sta. Maria della Scala paintings. l The strongest impact upon the Dutchman was not made by Caravaggio himselfbut by a close follower, Bartolomeo Manfredi.
Gerrit van Honthorst: A Discussion of his Position in Dutch Art by Jay Richard Judson