By Thomas Dixon
Until eventually centuries in the past "the feelings" didn't exist. Thomas Dixon finds during this examine how feelings got here into being as a unique mental classification. They changed such options as appetites, passions, sentiments and affections, which had preoccupied thinkers as diversified as Augustine, Aquinas, Hume, and Darwin. The ebook is an important unique contribution to the talk which has preoccupied western thinkers throughout many disciplines in contemporary a long time.
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Additional resources for From Passions to Emotions: The Creation of a Secular Psychological Category
Aquinas’ classiﬁcation of the passions will be returned to below. Another important and related Aristotelian distinction was between passivity and activity. At either end of the Aristotelian scale of being were the absolutes of each. At the top, God was pure activity and, at the bottom of the hierarchy, ‘prime matter’ was pure passivity. Prime matter was formless – unlike all other kinds of matter. Aquinas did not accept that prime matter existed but treated it merely as the hypothetical absence of all activity.
Passion ( passio) was a well-established philosophical category, and an important one in Aristotelian thought in particular. . What the Stoic idealisation of apatheia was and was not actually intended to exclude is discussed by Sorabji (). On Augustine’s various terms for desires and their signiﬁcance in his theology of the soul see Innes (), –. On Hobbes’ subsequent rejection of this scholastic appeal to ‘metaphysical motion’, see James (), ff. . James (), chs. –, provides an excellent philosophical exposition of the signiﬁcance of actio and passio in Aristotle and Aquinas.
The doctrine that in man’s soul we ﬁnd the imago Dei (image of God) was a central part of Augustine’s theology (see Table ). Augustine proceeded from the Christian belief that man was created in the image and likeness of God to an investigation of where and what that likeness might be. ’ Similarly, in the Confessions: ‘And ﬁnally we Republic b. ff. . O’Connell (), . See especially The Trinity –. . , that man and woman were made one ﬂesh but that woman was subordinate to man in the same way that practical reason was subordinate to contemplative understanding.
From Passions to Emotions: The Creation of a Secular Psychological Category by Thomas Dixon