By Nicolò Bellanca
The final feel of this learn is captured via the book’s identify: homo oeconomicus, because the topic of economics, may be deserted in prefer of homo symbolicus. extra accurately, homo oeconomicus can remain at the scene so long as human offerings are basic. notwithstanding, whilst offerings need to care for incomparability of the choices, indivisibility of the products, an intrinsically relational scenario, and passions that weigh down her/him, then homo symbolicus, outlined as a social actor formed by means of the tradition of which s/he is surrounded, occupies the heart of the degree.
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Public goods indivisibilities, indeed, are not such because they concern Anne or Claire, as in the case of the baby’s indivisibility, but rather because they express benefits which are extended both to Anne and Claire, for instance in case their houses are protected by the King’s army. Salomon, although not directly feeling the identity-making clash between Anne and Claire, is thus incentivized to supply goods able to increase the advantages related to group membership. These goods indirectly weaken the reasons behind the clash amongst the group members.
What is at stake is not whether one has a right to impose the cost of one’s belief on someone else (which is hard enough), but rather whether one has the right, in some sense, to impose the belief on the other. If my doing what I believe violates your beliefs, and vice versa, then compensation is likely to be less than useless and may make matters worse». The beliefs Calabresi refers to – for which economic compensation is inappropriate and ineffective – have an “identity-making” nature. Subjective identity is referred to as the process through which Ego acknowledges her/himself, and is recognized by Alter, as part of wider collectivities.
Then games in X and Z are called super-modular, and x’ and z’ (alternatively x’’ and z’’) are complementary to each other. If the condition of super-modularity holds, a combination of balance, and especially an institutional viable equilibrium, can be either (x ’, z’) or (x’’, z’’). Furthermore, even if one of them is less efficient in terms of Pareto-ranking, it may nevertheless establish itself as a balance, once it is obtained. The institutional complementarity is thus defined by the following two Ϯϳ circumstances: (1) the additional benefit of having the institution x’ instead of the institution x’’ in some domain X, is greater when the institution z’ (instead of the institution z’’) is chosen in the domain Z.
From Homo oeconomicus to Homo symbolicus by Nicolò Bellanca