Download e-book for iPad: Fortran for Scientists and Engineers by Stephen Chapman

By Stephen Chapman

Fortran for Scientists and Engineers teaches simutaneously either the basics of the Fortran language and a programming kind that ends up in reliable, maintainable courses. additionally, it serves as a reference for pros operating within the undefined. between its strengths are its concise, transparent causes of Fortran Syntax and Programming strategies, the inclusion of a wealth of examples and workouts to assist scholars grab tricky suggestions, and its causes approximately the best way to comprehend code written for older models of Fortran.

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Example text

9 This is a more major change from Fortran 95, including new features such as enhanced derived types, object-oriented programming support, Unicode character set support, data manipulation enhancements, procedure pointers, and interoperability with the C language. It was followed by a more minor update called Fortran 2008. The subject of this book is the Fortran 2008 language. The designers of Fortran 2008 were careful to make the language backward compatible with FORTRAN 77 and earlier versions.

The Fortran language received another major update in 1977. FORTRAN 77 ­included many new features designed to make structured programs easier to write and maintain, and it quickly became “the” Fortran. FORTRAN 77 introduced such structures as the block IF, and was the first version of Fortran in which character variables were truly easy to manipulate. 8 Fortran 90 included all of ­FORTRAN 77 as a subset, and extended the language in many important new directions. Among the major improvements introduced to the language in Fortran 90 were a new free source format, array sections, whole-array operations, parameterized data types, derived data types, and explicit interfaces.

The author of this book is of the school that believes that a good program should only have one starting point and one ending point, with no additional stopping points anywhere along the way. In that case, a STOP is totally redundant and will never be used. Depending on the philosophy of your instructor, you may or may not be encouraged to use this statement. 4 Program Style This example program follows a commonly used Fortran convention of capitalizing keywords such as PROGRAM, READ, and WRITE, while using lowercase for the program variables.

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Fortran for Scientists and Engineers by Stephen Chapman

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