By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
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Additional info for Environmentally Sustainable Buildings: Challenges and Policies
1, those who inve st in building construction tend to significantly discount the future benefit of energy efficiency improvement, and pay much more attention to the minimisation of capital cost. As a result, there is a great gap between the most energy efficient technologies available and those that are actually being used. The main issue of policy design in this area may be how to explore the great energy saving potential of the building sector by narrowing the energy efficiency gap. OECD countries have introduced various policy instruments for this purpose.
Six countries reported that some demolition and disposal activities can be carried out only by those who have obtained licences from authorities. There is a licensing system for demolition contractors in Japan, Sweden and Germany. Some other countries have implemented a licensing system for facilities that process C&DW. ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS – CHALLENGES AND POLICIES – ISBN 92-64-19825-3 – © OECD 2003 39 3. CURRENT SITUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES FOR THE BUILDING SECTOR Economic instruments Landfill tax.
Most buildings are designed and constructed in the “custom-made” manner – that is, individual buildings are designed to satisfy specific requirements of clients in light of the specific conditions of the site, such as its area and shape, flexibility of the ground, climate of the area, surrounding environment, including the situation of neighbouring buildings, and infrastructures. This is largely due to the spatially fixed nature of the products and production processes in the building sector, as well as the considerable power of buyers to incorporate their preferences into the design of buildings.
Environmentally Sustainable Buildings: Challenges and Policies by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development