By Christina Higgins
This publication explores how multilingualism concerning English is ordered in post-colonial, globalizing societies. through putting multilingual practices on the theoretical heart, the writer investigates quite a number sociolinguistic domain names to illustrate how members use English as a neighborhood source along different languages in East Africa to provide an array of neighborhood and worldwide identification.
Hitherto, this box of scholarship has been ruled via the examine of English as an 'international language' or 'global language' or 'world language'. yet during this ebook, Christina Higgins jettisons that norm and brings a bold but clean new voice to the controversy by way of concentrating on the appropriation of English as an area language and mapping the politics of its co-existence with indigenous languages in Kenya and Tanzania. She has built a framework that areas multilingual practices on the theoretical centre whereas responding brilliantly to the becoming relevance of social conception in sociolinguistics.
Professor Tope Omoniyi, Roehampton collage, united kingdom
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Additional info for English as a Local Language: Post-colonial Identities and Multilingual Practices (Critical Language and Literacy Studies)
The sports room was the office where the editor of the sports page was stationed, and it was also the room where many of the staff writing stories on sports and entertainment spent their time. It was the place to go if workers wanted to be loud or if they wanted to relax. In an interview with one of the junior male journalists, Chema, described the sports room as kijiweni, a ‘street’ Swahili way of expressing the street corner, the front stoop, or any suitable place to hang out and chat. Indeed, this room proved to be a great site for capturing a multitude of conversations, only some of which were about work.
Hence, in this particular context, English cannot be said to represent the voice of the ‘other’. While there are solid arguments for reappropriation of English among the journalists, the larger context in which these journalists live and work also plays a role in determining the meaning of their speech. After all, even though they spend many hours working together, they also spend time outside of the office walls. In considering the larger heteroglossic context of Swahili and English in Tanzania, it is easy to see that the multivocality in the office is limited by the values accorded to different kinds of mixed language in Dar es Salaam.
Though English does not appear to carry meanings of the ‘other’, the journalists used strategic contrasts between Swahinglish and English, Swahili and English, and Swahinglish and Swahili. On rare occasions, I recorded interactions in the office involving ethnic languages such as Kichagga and Kihaya, which were sometimes used monolectally but other times mixed with the journalists’ other codes. Hybridity involving the workers’ ethnic languages shows that hybridization is not limited to languages brought to Tanzania during the colonial period.
English as a Local Language: Post-colonial Identities and Multilingual Practices (Critical Language and Literacy Studies) by Christina Higgins