By Donald M. Borchert
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Vol. 3 (Determinables - Fuzzy Logic)
Hiley. The Undivided Universe. London: Routledge, 1993. Bramhall, John. The Works of John Bramhall. Oxford: John Henry Parker, 1844. Originally published in Dublin, 1675. Bub, J. Interpreting the Quantum World. , and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Campbell, Joseph Keim, Michael O’Rourke, and David Shier. Freedom and Determinism. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004. Chisholm, R. M. ” In Action Theory, edited by Myles Brand and D. Walton. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Reidel, 1976. Clarke, R. ” In Philosophical Books.
Those are the causal facts. Suppose, how- ever, that the person actually is on the way to and absolutely committed to doing A—wants it, wants to want it, and so on. It remains true, given the neuroscientist in the background, that he cannot do anything else. But it is clear, surely, that he is morally responsible for A. It follows, we are told, that freedom does not require being able to do otherwise than we do in a strong sense— it does not require origination and is not itself origination. Other recent compatibilist argumentation has been the elaboration of the idea of voluntariness by seeing its growth and extent in terms of evolution (Dennett 2003).
Furthermore, there is at least some empirical evidence that macroscopic objects behave approximately as these laws describe. Still, there are some surprises and controversy regarding the judgment that classical mechanics is a deterministic theory. For example, as Keith Hutchinson (1993) notes, if the force function varies as the square root of the velocity, then a specification of the initial position and velocity of a particle does not fix a unique evolution of the particle in state space (indeed, the particle can sit stationary for an arbitrary length of time and then spontaneously begin to move).
Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Vol. 3 (Determinables - Fuzzy Logic) by Donald M. Borchert