New PDF release: Early Arabic Grammatical Theory: Heterogeneity &

By Jonathan Owens

ISBN-10: 902724538X

ISBN-13: 9789027245380

The Arabic grammatical culture is impressive for having equipped a large number of descriptive fabric inside a cosmopolitan formal framework. the current research seeks to explain the early improvement of the program from a theory-internal standpoint; it truly is commonly considering the improvement of the syntactic conception as a proper item, as method of ideas. This activity is created from 4 sub-goals: an outline of early advancements, their periodization, their relation to the normal account by way of the Basran and Kufan colleges, and their relation to fashionable linguistic conception.

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Sample text

In some cases, such as what the governor of the comment (xabar) is, the controversies were officially recognized (cf. Anbari 44 no. 5). Many others, however, went unremarked upon, even though some of them involved a developmental span that stretched beyond Anbari's last Basran (Ibn Barhan, d. 456). The second example involves such a case. 2 The i-inf (genitive) It came to be standard dogma that a possessive noun in the so-called pure possessive ('idaafa mahda, Tha'lab 530, Sarraj II: 5, or 'idaafa ma'nawiyya Zamaxshari 82) was governed in the i-inf in the same way a prepositional object is related to certain prepositions.

13), while laa gulaama in (1) laa gulaama no boy "You have no boy". 4). In most cases the function is, implicitly, taken as the independent variable; the existence of the function is assumed and is used to explain the status of a particular item, as in the two examples just cited. In some instances, however, the nature of the function is itself at issue. (2) danantu zayd-an huwa il-'aaqil-a thought I zayd-a he def-intelligent-a "I thought that Zayd was the intelligent one". 13) criticizes those linguists who hold huwa to be a qualifier, sifa, saying inter alia that it cannot be such because pronouns do not serve as qualifiers to overt nouns.

I would, however, like to make one more observation which I would suggest illustrates the continuity of the Ma'ani tradition on the one hand and its interrelationship to the grammatical tradition on the other. The issue involves Zajjaj's analysis of al-Baqara 19/63, §hadar-a l-mawt-i "guarding against death". Zajjaj analyzes hadar-a as a reason object, mafuwl lahu, explaining that "its a-inf form is not because of the deletion of the li- but rather that 32 FARRA' AS LINGUIST it is considered as a verbal noun, as if one said yahduruwna hadar-an Q 15 "they guard against guarding" (hadaran = absolute object, a verbal noun).

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Early Arabic Grammatical Theory: Heterogeneity & Standardization by Jonathan Owens

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