By Austin Long
Considering its inception six many years in the past, the RAND company has been one of many key institutional houses for the learn of deterrence. This e-book examines a lot of this examine for classes correct to the present and destiny strategic setting. it truly is as a result half highbrow historical past and half coverage advice, meant to inspire debate and dialogue on how deterrence can top be included into U.S. process.
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Additional info for Deterrence--From Cold War to Long War: Lessons from Six Decades of RAND Research
This created an opportunity for proponents of NU-OPTS. The administration’s preoccupation with Vietnam limited change in the ﬁrst term of the Nixon presidency, but a number of important reviews and studies were initiated that would subsequently aﬀect nuclear planning (see Burr, 2005). S. involvement in Vietnam drawing to a close, the issue of nuclear planning again became highly salient. 20 Formally embodied in national security decision memorandum (NSMD) 242 and the subsequent Nuclear Weapons Employment Policy (NUWEP) 74, this new set of guidance signiﬁcantly changed the SIOP.
2006). Flory, at the time assistant secretary of defense for international security policy, explicitly stated that the United States was not postured for a ﬁrst strike. Payne ampliﬁed this point and argued that preemptive-counterforce thinking vanished in the 1960s. Lieber and Press argued that it blossomed in the 1970s and 1980s, pointing to declassiﬁed planning documents as well as force structure. S. eﬀorts to deter the Soviet Union for the entire Cold War, while acknowledging that many disagree with this position.
21 Even as new targeting policy was implemented, DoD was proceeding with the development of counterforce capabilities that would improve the ability to target the Soviets’ nuclear arsenal. This build up would gain speed during both the Carter and Reagan administrations, with such systems as the MX ICBM and Trident II D-5 SLBM. S. strategic forces and provided a potentially eﬀective 21 See Kearl and Locke (1979). According to unclassiﬁed sources, the next NUWEP after 1974 was NUWEP 1980; see Ball and Toth (1990, pp.
Deterrence--From Cold War to Long War: Lessons from Six Decades of RAND Research by Austin Long