By Dirk Berg-Schlosser
The issues of democratization - its successes, disasters, and destiny clients - belong to the main urgent matters of our occasions. Empirical democratic idea has obtained many new impulses because the final wave of democratization in Latin the USA, japanese Europe, Africa, and Southeast and East Asia. The recommendations and findings provided during this moment version - via top foreign specialists within the box - are of excessive relevance either for political technology and functional politics
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Additional resources for Democratization : the state of the art
A second school of thought continues to work in a historical-sociological and socialstructuralist tradition (for example, Rueschemeyer et al. 1992). Thirdly, institutionalist and “neo-institutionalist” approaches are receiving renewed attention (March and Olsen 1995). S. in the 1990s, is the “public” or more generally “rational choice” one (see, for example, Weingast 1996). At the same time, current national and sub-national developments are increasingly embedded in international trends of economic and political globalization, as emphasized, for example, by the “international political economy” school (see, for example, Cox 1987) and more general “cosmopolitan” concerns (for example, Archibugi and Held 1995).
Even some small steps in these directions, as with a more “competitive clientelism” in the new “electoral” democracies, the proliferation of new and more independent media, and greater international attention, may become important in the longer run. Once more and more groups and citizens become accustomed to democratic norms and procedures, they tend to become committed to maintaining and expanding those norms and procedures, and they can set in motion significant “self-cleansing” processes. 5.
The need for greater integration of causal theories is increasingly apparent. And the assessment of causal theories that combine qualitative and quantitative forms of research is emerging as yet another important challenge. Indeed, the future development of the research agenda on democratic transitions is likely to hinge on the ability of scholars to tackle some broad and fundamental challenges. Measuring the Dependent Variable A first challenge concerns the dependent variable of research on democratic transitions.
Democratization : the state of the art by Dirk Berg-Schlosser