Download PDF by Mohammad Abed al-Jabri: Democracy, Human Rights and Law in Islamic Thought

By Mohammad Abed al-Jabri

ISBN-10: 1441615911

ISBN-13: 9781441615916

ISBN-10: 1845117492

ISBN-13: 9781845117498

Mohammad Abed al-Jabri is without doubt one of the so much influential political philosophers within the modern heart East. A severe rationalist within the culture of Avincenna and Averroes, he emphasizes the designated political and cultural historical past of the Arab global whereas rejecting the philosophical discourses which were used to vague its democratic deficit. This quantity introduces an English-language viewers for the 1st time to writings that experience had a huge impression on Arab political idea. Wide-ranging in scope but concentrated intimately, those essays interrogate techniques resembling democracy, legislation, and human rights, how they've been utilized within the background of the Arab international, and convey that they're decided via political and social context, now not by way of Islamic doctrine. Jabri argues that during order to increase democratic societies within which human rights are revered, the Arab global can't easily depend upon outdated texts and traditions. Nor can it import democratic types from the West. as a substitute, he says, a brand new culture should be solid by means of modern-day Arabs themselves, all alone phrases.

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Extra resources for Democracy, Human Rights and Law in Islamic Thought (Comtemporary Arab Sclarship in the Social Sciences)

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5. In the year 622CE, the 12th year of revelation, Mu≈ammad and his followers were forced to ‘emigrate’ from Mecca to the city of Yathr∞b – later to become known as al-Mad∞nah (Medina) – ‘the city [of the Prophet]’. The year of the immigration (alhijrah) later served as ‘year one’ in the Muslim calendar, and those first Muslims ‘who emigrated’ came to be known as the MuhÆjir∑n, whereas those who became Muslims among the tribes of Medina and who were ‘helpers’ came to be known as the An∆Ær. Previous to the hijrah, Mu≈ammad concluded two pacts known as the first and second treaties of al-≤Aqabah (621CE) with emissaries from the city of Yathr∞b, who sought his arbitration in the relentless ongoing blood feud between two of its most powerful tribes al-Aws and al-Khazraj.

Iii) The absence of a definition of caliphal authority: This was the case when Ab∑ Bakr ≤Umar and ≤UthmÆn were chosen for the caliphate. The reason is that the model of the ‘commander of the army’, which dominated the Arab political mind at the time, did not allow for the discussion of the issue of authority. This issue was not among ‘the thought of issues’ at the time of the conquests, war booty and expansion in the world. But with the growth of affluence and the emergence of some objectionable phenomena, the question of authority asserted itself.

A similar measure is taken when a woman is pregnant or breastfeeding, when a person is sick and in severe cold or hot weather, as enforcing ≈ud∑d penalties in such conditions may lead to harming the person concerned in a manner not intended by shar∞≤ah. This is acting for the good of the person penalized. Thus, [public] good should always be given priority in the application of shar∞≤ah. Wine drinking has no specified revealed penalty. ’ Some hit the man with their hands, some with the tail of their garments, others with a slipper!

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Democracy, Human Rights and Law in Islamic Thought (Comtemporary Arab Sclarship in the Social Sciences) by Mohammad Abed al-Jabri

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