New PDF release: Democracy, Human Rights and Law in Islamic Thought

By Mohammed Abed al-Jabri

ISBN-10: 1441615911

ISBN-13: 9781441615916

ISBN-10: 1845117492

ISBN-13: 9781845117498

Mohammad Abed al-Jabri is likely one of the such a lot influential political philosophers within the modern center East. A serious rationalist within the culture of Avincenna and Averroes, he emphasizes the specific political and cultural historical past of the Arab international whereas rejecting the philosophical discourses which have been used to vague its democratic deficit. This quantity introduces an English-language viewers for the 1st time to writings that experience had a huge influence on Arab political concept. Wide-ranging in scope but centred intimately, those essays interrogate recommendations corresponding to democracy, legislation, and human rights, how they've been utilized within the heritage of the Arab global, and express that they're made up our minds by means of political and social context, now not via Islamic doctrine. Jabri argues that during order to increase democratic societies during which human rights are revered, the Arab international can't easily depend on previous texts and traditions. Nor can it import democratic types from the West. in its place, he says, a brand new culture should be solid via brand new Arabs themselves, on their lonesome terms.

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Additional info for Democracy, Human Rights and Law in Islamic Thought

Example text

Finally, the fuqahÆ≥ formulated a ‘comprehensive principle’ which eliminated the political jurisprudence altogether. It is the principle of ‘Obedience is obligatory to the mighty’ or in the parlance of the average person in Morocco ‘AllÆh helps whoever is’. These are the political lessons learned from the historical experience of the Arab-Islamic nations. They are derived from the applied policies, first, before the conversion of the caliphate into kingship (the constitutional flaws which appeared towards the end of ≤UthmÆn’s rule), then after the caliphate turned into a system of rule that sought legitimacy in ideological 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 44 DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS AND LAW IN ISLAMIC THOUGHT distortion and political ingratiation, and by the principle of ‘might is right’ all the way through.

Although harm had not occurred yet in that case, the possibility was there, especially that the times were those of recruitment 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 26 DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS AND LAW IN ISLAMIC THOUGHT and conquests. Muslims returned to the text when circumstances changed and the expected harm from marrying a non-Muslim woman became minimal or improbable. These are samples of shar∞≤ah application at the time of the Companions, all of which prove that they looked at the ‘application’ from the point of view of the ensuing benefit or harm.

The author uses it extensively throughout this text generally in reference to historical precedents and events which can be taken as ‘authoritative referents’ for various concepts and ideas wherein, for example, the European Renaissance serves as such for many seminal, modern Western concepts. 3. , The Arab Political Mind, in Arabic (Beirut: Arab Unity Research Centre, 1990), Part I, Ch. 4. 4. Ibid, para. 3. 5. In the year 622CE, the 12th year of revelation, Mu≈ammad and his followers were forced to ‘emigrate’ from Mecca to the city of Yathr∞b – later to become known as al-Mad∞nah (Medina) – ‘the city [of the Prophet]’.

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Democracy, Human Rights and Law in Islamic Thought by Mohammed Abed al-Jabri


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