By Lawrence Foster
Lately the consequences of "multiculturalism" for American society were the topic of a lot debate. to a couple, the time period has come to indicate the fragmentation of culture and the coherent values that derive from it. To others, it signs the arrival of a extra inclusive, tolerant, and certainly democratic society. Drawing on philosophy's longstanding predicament with problems with pluralism and relativism, at the traditions of yankee pragmatism, and on glossy theoretical ideas, the essays during this quantity convey readability to this dialogue by way of reading the underlying values and assumptions of every facet. They current a diversified, insightful, and well-reasoned safety of the virtues of variety, outdoors in addition to contained in the partitions of the academy.
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Extra resources for Defending diversity: contemporary philosophical perspectives on pluralism and multiculturalism
Or, Isn't It Time to Sacrifice an Ox? Nelson P. Lande 157 Multiculturalism, Racial Justice, and Community: Reflections on Charles Taylor's "Politics of Recognition" Lawrence Blum 175 Pluralism and Democracy in the Academy Patricia S. Mann 207 Contributors 229 Page 1 Introduction While we are composing this introduction to a book on diversity written by philosophers, our colleagues in English and history, sociology and classics, psychology and biology are restlessly circling around the moral and social issues raised by the advent of a new notionmulticulturalismand anxiously worrying at the underlying questions about pluralism and relativism that this multiculturalism brings to the foreground of inquiry.
Libertarians, for example, sometimes confer on the right to acquire and transfer property such an absolute importance that it seems difficult to avoid brute disagreement between them and others who place any importance on the notion of need in matters of social justice. At other times libertarians argue for the same social policies on the basis of claims that look to be the subject of reasonable disagreement: on the ineffectiveness and undesirable side effects of state attempts at redistribution of wealth and income, for example.
If Gilligan is correct in claiming that this sort of moral reasoning is more characteristic of women than of men, there is a kind of division of moral labor in this society. It is possible, however, that other moral traditions recognize no such gendered division of labor. Consider Antonio Cua's interpretation of the Confucian virtue of jen. " Arbitration is an attempted resolution of disputes oriented toward the reconciliation of the contending parties.
Defending diversity: contemporary philosophical perspectives on pluralism and multiculturalism by Lawrence Foster