By Cécile Laborde
The 1st entire research of the philosophical matters raised via the hijab controversy in France, this booklet additionally conducts a discussion among modern Anglo-American and French political concept and defends a revolutionary republican strategy to so-called multicultural conflicts in modern societies. It significantly assesses the professional republican philosophy of laïcité which imagined to justify the 2004 ban on non secular symptoms in colleges. Laïcité is proven to surround a finished concept of republican citizenship, situated on 3 beliefs: equality (secular neutrality of the general public sphere), liberty (individual autonomy and emancipation) and fraternity (civic loyalty to the group of citizens). hard professional interpretations of laïcité, the booklet then places ahead a severe republicanism which doesn't help the hijab ban, but upholds a revised interpretation of 3 valuable republican commitments: secularism, non-domination and civic harmony. hence, it articulates a model of secularism which squarely addresses the matter of established order bias--the proven fact that Western societies are traditionally no longer impartial in the direction of all religions. It additionally defends a imaginative and prescient of girl emancipation which rejects the coercive paternalism inherent within the legislation of non secular gown, but doesn't depart contributors unaided within the face of non secular and secular, patriarchal and ethnocentric domination. ultimately, the e-book outlines a idea of immigrant integration which locations the weight of civic integration on easy socio-political associations, instead of on voters themselves. serious republicanism proposes a wholly new method of the administration of spiritual and cultural pluralism, centerd at the pursuit of the revolutionary perfect of non-domination in latest, non-ideal societies. Oxford Political Theory offers the easiest new paintings in modern political thought. it really is meant to be vast in scope, together with unique contributions to political philosophy, and in addition paintings in utilized political concept. The sequence will include works of remarkable caliber without limit as to method or material. sequence Editors: Will Kymlicka, David Miller, and Alan Ryan.
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Extra info for Critical Republicanism: The Hijab Controversy and Political Philosophy (Oxford Political Theory)
The principles . . [of] the Revolution and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen permeate our philosophy, founded on the equality of individuals before the law, whatever their origin, race or religion . . to the exclusion of an institutional recognition of minorities. Thus the French government requested a ‘reservation’ of Article 27 (on minority rights) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, on the grounds that ‘France is a country in which there are no minorities, and where the chief principle is non-discrimination’.
41 More speciﬁcally, laïcité as an ethic independent of religion, based on reason and conscience, had roots in the Enlightenment search for a natural religion, Victor Cousin’s Kantian spiritualism, and in the more radical search for ‘la morale indépendante’, a morality wholly detached from religious concepts, in the works of the anarchist socialist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, neo-Kantians Charles Renouvier and Jules Barni, positivist Émile Littré, and solidariste sociologists Emile Durkheim, Alfred Fouillée, and Léon Bourgeois.
A century later, the principles both of religious freedom and of religious pluralism were entrenched by the Third Republic: the 1905 Law of Separation graphically symbolized the removal of state control of religion, and the recognition of the pluralist structure of background religious institutions in civil society. The principle of religious freedom is ‘libertarian’ in the narrow sense that it chieﬂy requires that the state refrain from interfering in religious affairs. Thus, Article 1 of the 1905 law (‘the republic guarantees the free exercise of religions’) is typically understood by ofﬁcial republicans not to mandate positive state aid to religions: the exercise of religious freedoms should simply not be unduly constrained or burdened by the state.
Critical Republicanism: The Hijab Controversy and Political Philosophy (Oxford Political Theory) by Cécile Laborde