By David Held
This publication units out the case for a sophisticated method of modern worldwide politics. It provides a scientific idea of cosmopolitanism, explicating its middle ideas and justifications, and examines the position a lot of those rules have performed within the improvement of world politics, comparable to framing the human rights regime. The framework is then used to deal with the most urgent problems with our time: the challenge of economic markets, weather swap and the fallout from the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. In each one case, Held argues that practical politics is exhausted, and that cosmopolitanism is the recent realism.
See additionally Garrett Wallace Brown and David Held's The Cosmopolitanism Reader.
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Additional info for Cosmopolitanism: Ideals and Realities
It offers a way of exploring principles, norms and rules that might reasonably command agreement (cf. Nussbaum, 1997: 29–36). Impartialist reasoning is a frame of reference for specifying rules and principles that can be universally shared. In order to meet this standard, a number of particular tests can be pursued, including an assessment of whether all points of view have been taken into consideration; whether there are individuals in a position to impose on others in such a manner as would be unacceptable to the latter, or to the originator of the action (or inaction), if the roles were reversed; and whether all parties would be equally prepared to accept the outcome as fair and reasonable, irrespective of the social positions they might occupy now or in the future (see Barry, 1989: 372, 362–3).
In the rest of the chapter different practical solutions for solving climate change are assessed. Despite vigorous debate surrounding the ideal bundle of policies required (and how they should or should not be implemented), there is considerable overlap on what the political elements of a global deal might look like. At the most general level, the latter should be broadly inclusive, multifaceted, multilayered and sustainable. Furthermore, at the core of any successful response lies the necessity of protecting entrepreneurialism and innovation, while at the same time enhancing institutional capacity and planning.
Thus, not only do countries increasingly consume goods from abroad, but their own production processes are significantly dependent on components produced overseas. Economic activity in any one country is, accordingly, strongly affected by economic activity in other countries. Alongside transnational production networks, the power of global finance has become central to economic globalization. World financial flows have grown exponentially, especially since the 1970s. Trillions of dollars worth of financial transactions are carried out weekly across the globe.
Cosmopolitanism: Ideals and Realities by David Held