By Sarah F. Brosnan, Redouan Bshary (eds.)
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Additional info for Cooperation and Deception: From Evolution to Mechanisms (Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society series B)
Many species of vascular plants form mycorrhiza with fungal mycelium in the soil (Smith & Read 1997). The association is based on the transport of organic carbon from plant photosynthesis to the fungal partner as well as a transport of soil mineral nutrients, such as phosphorus, from fungus to plant. These transports often represent mutual investment of plant and fungus in each other. Leimar & Connor (2003) suggested that the interaction might be understood as an investment by the fungus in the by-product benefit of local new root growth of the plant, which the investing fungus would have a competitive advantage in colonizing, together with investment by the plant in the by-product benefit of conferring a competitive advantage in the soil to more beneficial fungi.
Lohman, D. , Rand, D. B. & Travassos, M. A. 2002 The ecology and evolution of ant association in the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera). Ann. Rev. Entomol. 47, 733–771. ento. 145257) Queller, D. C. & Strassmann, J. E. 2009 Beyond society: the evolution of organismality. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 364, 3143–3155. 0095) Sachs, J. L. & Simms, E. L. 2006 Pathways to mutualism breakdown. Trends Ecol. Evol. 21, 585 –592. (doi:10. 018) Sachs, J. L. & Simms, E. L. 2008 The origins of uncooperative rhizobia. Oikos 117, 961– 966.
In these cases, there is presumably an advantage for the stronger competitor to have a weaker competitor as a neighbour. There are also indications of choosiness by hosts in legume – rhizobium mutualism (Heath & Tiffin 2009), although the mechanisms by which a plant could recognize and choose a beneficial rhizobium strain before nodulation are currently unknown. org on October 26, 2010 Review. Cooperation for direct fitness benefits a host terminates an ongoing interaction with a less profitable visitor, is frequently thought of as a form of partner choice (Bull & Rice 1991; Kiers et al.
Cooperation and Deception: From Evolution to Mechanisms (Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society series B) by Sarah F. Brosnan, Redouan Bshary (eds.)