By Ruut Veenhoven (auth.)
This e-book is set the measure to which individuals enjoy lifestyles: briefly 'happiness'. It attempts to spot stipulations that desire a favorable appreciation of existence. therefore it hopes to shed extra mild on a longstanding and interesting ques tion and, potentially, to lead makes an attempt to enhance the human lot. throughout the previous a long time more and more investigations have handled this factor. for this reason there's now a large physique of information. but it really is really tricky to make experience of it. there's a litter of theories, options and signs, and lots of of the findings appear to be contradictory. This publication makes an attempt to deliver a few order into the sector. The examine attracts on a list of empirical investigations which concerned legitimate symptoms of happiness; 245 experiences are concerned, which jointly yield a few 4000 observations: for the most half correlational ones. those effects are provided in complete aspect within the at the same time released 'Databook of Happiness' (Veenhoven 1984). the current quantity distils conclusions from that wealth of knowledge. It attempts to evaluate the truth price of the findings and the measure to which correlations replicate the stipulations of happiness instead of the implications of it. It then makes an attempt to put the scattered findings in context. As such, this paintings isn't really a regular research of literature on happiness.
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Extra resources for Conditions of Happiness
1979). It exists even in brain-injured patients, who have lost their abstract capacity and therefore cannot make up a balance of their life (Goldstein, 1951 :370). Probably animals do experience hedonic tone as well. As we cannot ask them we will never know for sure, however. The average hedonic level of affect of a person can be assessed over different periods of time: an hour, a week, a year as well as over a lifetime. The concept does not presume subjective awareness of this level. A baby that is laughing all day probably feels fine.
71. Unfortunately none of these investigators went further into the characteristics of the respondents whose self-rating did not agree with the expert's. The matter certainly deserves attention. Another thing to note is that the questions on self-estimated happiness used by Goldings do not quite fit the demands to be outlined in section 4/1. The self-ratings of Wessman & Ricks do not quite represent overall happiness either, but rather tap hedonic level. Clearly there is more to be said on the subject.
The term is used for 'overall evaluations' by the individual, but also for 'aspect-appraisals'. For example Andrews & Withey's book on 'Subjective Indicators of Well-being' deals not only with 'global' satisfaction with life, but also with evaluations in terms of 'freedom', 'safety' and 'beauty'. My concept of overall happiness refers to global evaluations only. Aspect-evaluations are embodied only in the separate concepts of 'hedonic level' and 'contentment' . Finally the term well-being is not only used for evaluations of life-as-awhole, but also for its specific domains.
Conditions of Happiness by Ruut Veenhoven (auth.)