By Anna Leander
This publication examines the political effects of eu safety commercialisation via elevated reliance on inner most army and safety businesses (PMSCs).
The position of industrial protection within the household atmosphere in Europe is generally stated; finally, the most important inner most protection corporation globally – G4S staff – has its roots in Scandinavia. in spite of the fact that, using advertisement safety contracting by way of eu states for army reasons in foreign settings is usually held to be marginal.
This ebook examines the consequences of commercialisation for the peace and reconciliations innovations of ecu states, focussing particularly on ecu contracting in Afghanistan. Drawing upon examples from Scandinavia, valuable Europe and Continental Europe, every one bankruptcy considers 3 key factors:
- the nationwide contexts that supply protection contracting in Afghanistan its which means;
- the nationwide contracting practices;
- the political outcomes for the operation in Afghanistan.
This publication may be of a lot curiosity to scholars of serious safeguard reports, international governance, peace and clash stories, eu politics, and IR in general.
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Extra info for Commercialising Security in Europe: Political Consequences for Peace Operations
Leira, Halvard, Axel Borchgrevink, Nina Græger, Arne Melcior, Eli Stamnes and Indra Øverland. 2007. ‘Norske Selvbilder Og Norsk Utenrikspolitikk’, Oslo: Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt (NUPI). Matlary, Janne Haaland. 2009. ‘Kriger i kamuﬂasje? Profesjonen og politikken’, in Håkan Edström, Nils Terje Lunde and Janne Haaland Matlary, eds, Krigerkultur i en Fredsnasjon. Oslo: Abstrakt Forlag, pp. 92–130. Norway 37 Ministry of Defence. 2003. ‘Den videre moderniseringen av Forsvaret i perioden 2005– 2008.
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6 The concept ‘military activities’ is not further deﬁned, however, and the formulation of the objective gives considerable room for interpretation. Furthermore, these imprecise formulations also create ambiguities regarding the legality of some of the international security conglomerates that are already operating within Norway’s domestic market. 7 While the ambition of the law is evidently to restrict Norwegian companies from selling armed services abroad and to prevent the formation of a PMSC industry in Norway, the text is insuﬃciently clear in terms of distinguishing between legal and illegal activity.
Commercialising Security in Europe: Political Consequences for Peace Operations by Anna Leander