By Nirmala Rao
This is an updated and topical therapy of ways six significant towns in Europe, North the United States and Asia are dealing with the hot calls for on city govt.
Population enlargement, the migration of recent peoples and disparities among towns and suburbs are longstanding positive factors of the city hindrance. at the present time, urban governments additionally face calls for for renowned participation and higher public providers whereas they try to put themselves within the new global economic climate. whereas all of the towns is found in its special ancient environment, the emphasis of the ebook is upon the typical dilemmas raised through significant making plans difficulties and the quest for enhanced techniques to governance and citizen involvement. A critical subject is the re-engineering of institutional buildings designed to foster neighborhood responsiveness and well known participation. The dialogue is determined within the context of the globalizing forces that experience impacted to diverse levels, at diverse occasions, upon London, Tokyo, Toronto, Berlin, Hyderabad and Atlanta.
Cities in Transition is an incredible and unique addition to the comparative literature on city governance.
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Extra info for Cities in Transition: Growth, Change and Governance in Six Metropolitan Areas
The GLC’s rationale was the co-ordination of land-use planning and transport. Arguably, in order to perform that role effectively, it needed the authority to override the boroughs and give binding directions on the boroughs’ own plans and on the planning applications they considered. But even the limited powers the GLC actually possessed led it into corrosive disputes with the boroughs. More extensive powers would have simply deepened the conflicts. As one commentator remarked, ‘the GLC was too powerful to be acceptable and too weak to be effective’ (Young, 1986: 44).
Responsibility for most of the remainder (some 6,900 miles of ‘local’ roads) lay with the borough councils. An important area for conflict arose in relation to the handling of planning proposals, where the GLC had the power to call in for its own decision a wide range of applications which borough councillors and officers would have regarded as properly within their own sphere. The GLC’s rationale was the co-ordination of land-use planning and transport. Arguably, in order to perform that role effectively, it needed the authority to override the boroughs and give binding directions on the boroughs’ own plans and on the planning applications they considered.
Instead, it was politically easier and administratively convenient to regard London as a separate entity defined by official boundaries, however artificial. This, however, posed a problem of regional co-ordination and throughout the twentieth century an uneasy relationship persisted between the local government of London, that of the surrounding counties, and the responsible Ministry in Whitehall which struggled to hold in check the competing interests in this expanding metropolitan area. The capital’s structure and population continued to undergo changes.
Cities in Transition: Growth, Change and Governance in Six Metropolitan Areas by Nirmala Rao