By Darrell A. Posey, Graham Dutfield
For indigenous peoples’ teams, activists and policymakers in highbrow estate, and all these fascinated by the protection of our planet’s organic and cultural range, past highbrow estate presents a useful and eye-opening look at probably the most provocative and explosive problems with this century and certain the following: the patenting of existence.
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Extra info for Beyond Intellectual Property: Toward Traditional Resource Rights for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities
Conservation of biogenetic resources Many biogenetic resources are being rapidly depleted because of irresponsible development and overexploitation. Sometimes inappropriate government policies allow corporations relatively unlimited access to local resources, instead of requiring them to extract material at a sustainable level. Traditional farming techniques — intercropping and developing crops that thrive in a particular location — have maintained the productivity of land over many generations.
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya and Ethiopia; founded 1995 — Focuses on livestock production, disease control, and forage crops. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI), Italy; founded 1974 — Focuses on conserving gene pools of current and potential food and forage crops (with research in plant genetic resources). International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines; founded 1960 — Focuses on global rice improvement in major rice environments: irrigated, rainfed lowlands, uplands, deep water, and tidal wetlands.
Conservationists must be aware that they are not managing wildernesses but a kind of cultural property to which the local people who have inhabited the area for generations have a prior legitimate claim. Conclusions Members of local communities must know the identity of their visitors. Interactions with visitors can be highly beneficial. Indigenous people may be able to gain useful information, broaden their knowledge through cultural exchanges, and collaborate in conservation, research, and development projects that could provide monetary, social, and political benefits.
Beyond Intellectual Property: Toward Traditional Resource Rights for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities by Darrell A. Posey, Graham Dutfield