By Ganne Bernard
This booklet offers a accomplished review of what Asian business clusters could train us. At a time whilst the dynamics of the world's economic climate are more and more being encouraged by means of advancements in Asia, the query takes on specific relevance as a result of explosion of clusters and cluster rules in the course of the area; and thanks to the good number of types which might be visible constructing within the a variety of international locations. in accordance with powerful empirical surveys and interviews carried out in China, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Japan, the stories accumulated during this booklet have been first debated at a world workshop in Lyon. From commercial districts to poles of competitiveness, those experiences explored the transformation of conventional platforms of actions or business districts to new networks prepared for worldwide festival or innovation, and likewise the improvement of latest agglomerations or medical wisdom clusters. the wide variety of case stories during this assortment bargains a wealthy shop of theoretical and useful classes for analysts, policy-makers and economists. The e-book can also be an invaluable advisor for graduate scholars in addition to researchers in economics, sociology and political reviews.
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Extra info for Asian Industrial Clusters, Global Competitiveness and New Policy Initiatives
A. Miller had already located the problem but, with industrial reconstruction and more severe global competition in the last thirty years, thinking on this subject has become extremely diversified to the point of producing three major types of models for understanding these concentrations: industrial districts, clusters and poles of competitiveness. We need to say a few words about these various approaches if only to clarify the terminology which is often very vague, using the word ‘clusters’ to cover agglomerations or concentrations of activity which used to be analysed using different terms (‘industrial districts’, localized production systems’, but also ‘village communities’ and so on).
Based on a description of the Chinese cluster phenomenon she attempts to make four points. The first deals with the claim that Chinese clusters are the result of global-local tension. She observes on the one hand how the breathtaking speed of geographical dispersion has been combined with spatial concentration. On the other she points out how, in this context, the ‘race to the bottom’ that is observed between the clusters could be dangerous. The second point concurs with the view that a value chain could thread through multiple clusters in different localities of a regional economy.
Brought up on the postulate of the efficiency of local dialogue between enterprises supposedly (in classical theory) bringing about an increase in efficiency due to the formal and informal links that have been forged, it is all the more astonishing to realise that what seems to prevail in a certain number of Chinese clusters (like those in Zhejiang for example) is not only the absence links of direct cooperation between enterprises, but downright mistrust. Moreover, it is much less the efficiency of production itself (dear to the classical theoreticians of districts) which seems to be the driving force of these zones, but rather their entry into the commercial networks which motivates them.
Asian Industrial Clusters, Global Competitiveness and New Policy Initiatives by Ganne Bernard