By Richard Kraut
This e-book deals a scientific review of Aristotle's belief of healthiness, advantage and justice within the Nicomachean Ethics, after which explores the main topics of Politics: civic-mindedness, slavery, relatives, estate, the typical solid, type clash, the restricted knowledge of the multitude, and the substantially egalitarian associations of the best society.
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Extra info for Aristotle: Political Philosophy (Founders of Modern Political and Social Thought)
The third argument points to what Socrates has done: he has freely, if only implicitly, consented or agreed to abide by the verdicts of Athens’ courts (and, presumably, agreed as well to go along with the other basic ways in which the city is managed). The second and third arguments employed by Socrates (through the Laws) appeal not to who Socrates is, or to what role he occupies, but rather to the nature of his morally significant interactions or transactions with the state. It has benefited him.
But even if most people feel obligated in these ways, we should not regard such feelings as justified, or as accurately tracking true obligations, unless we can support them by reference to some intelligible line of moral reasoning. After all, many people feel obligated to act in ways that we cannot comfortably say reflect their true obligations: the housewife who still feels obligated to wait hand and foot on her husband, to fashion no real life of her own; the black man who still feels obligated to defer to whites in both trivial and important matters; the brainwashed political prisoner who finally feels obligated in just the ways his tormentors have so long and so forcefully insisted.
Instead, pluralists seem to offer not much more than lists of sometimes applicable reasons for obeying the law and supporting our political institutions. But this falls far short of an adequate general account of political obligation, and in fact seems to yield the field to the anarchists, who deny such general obligations (without ever having denied the existence of sometimes applicable reasons for complying with legal requirements). Anarchists deny general state authority and general political obligations, but they differ on both the strength and the consequences of this denial.
Aristotle: Political Philosophy (Founders of Modern Political and Social Thought) by Richard Kraut