By Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel
In the many years following global struggle , and partly in accordance with the chilly warfare, governments throughout Western Europe set out formidable programmes for social welfare and the redistribution of wealth that aimed to enhance the typical lives in their voters. a lot of those welfare kingdom programmes - housing, colleges, new cities, cultural and leisure centres – concerned not only building yet a brand new method of architectural layout, within which the welfare targets of those state-funded programmes have been delineated and debated. The influence on architects and architectural layout was once profound and far-reaching, with welfare nation tasks relocating centre-stage in architectural discourse not only in Europe yet worldwide.
This is the 1st publication to discover the structure of the welfare kingdom in Western Europe from a world point of view. With chapters protecting Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and the united kingdom, the booklet explores the advanced function performed via structure within the formation and improvement of the welfare kingdom in either conception and perform.
- the position of the equipped surroundings within the welfare kingdom as a political undertaking
- the colonial measurement of ecu welfare country structure and its ‘export’ to Africa and Asia
- the position of welfare kingdom initiatives in selling patron tradition and monetary growth
- the photograph of the collective produced by means of welfare country architecture
- the function of architectural innovation within the welfare state
- the function of the architect, in preference to building businesses and others, in making a choice on what used to be built
- the courting among architectural and social theory
- the function of inner institutional critique and the counterculture.
Contributors comprise: Tom Avermaete, Eve Blau, Nicholas Bullock, Miles Glendinning, Janina Gosseye, Hilde Heynen, Caroline Maniaque-Benton, Helena Mattsson, Luca Molinari, Simon Pepper, Michelle Provoost, Lukasz Stanek, Mark Swenarton, Florian city and Dirk van den Heuvel.
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Additional info for Architecture and the Welfare State
Bogner and P. , Frederick J. Kiesler: Endless Space, Los Angeles: MAK-Center for Art and Architecture, 2001; H. Hollein, ‘Alles ist Architektur’, Bau, 23. Jg, Heft 1/2, Vienna 1968; P. Cook, Experimental Architecture, New York: Universe Books, 1970. 34 Schweitzer, ‘Kommunaler Wohnungspolitik’, 29. 35 K. Freisitzer and H. Glück, Sozialer Wohnbau: Entstehung-Zustand-Alternativen, Vienna: Molden Edition, 1979, 75–102. 36 Ibid. 37 For Am Schöpfwerk, see Kaiser and Platzer, Architecture in Austria, 312.
R. E. Wolf, New York: Electa/Rizzoli, 1986, 186–187; C. Quiring, W. Voigt, P. C. Schmal, E. , Ernst May 1886–1970, Munich/London: Prestel, 2011; H. , Ernst May und das neue Frankfurt 1925–1930, Berlin: Ernst und Sohn, 1986; M. , ‘Sozialpolitik and the City in Weimar Germany’, in The Sphere and the Labyrinth: Avant-gardes and Architecture from Piranesi to the 1970s, trans. P. d’Acierno and R. : The MIT Press, 1987, 197–223. 12 Tafuri and Dal Co, Modern Architecture, 193. 13 For a detailed account of the building programme and the role of the Wagner School, see Blau, Red Vienna, 238–249.
Aldo van Eyck, Writings. Volume 2: Collected Articles and Other Writings 1947–1998, Amsterdam: SUN Publishers, 2008, pp. 32–42. 0 Karl Ehn, Karl Marx Hof, View of forecourt, 1927–30 (Georg Mittenecker, 2012). 1 The urban and sociospatial focus of that programme – and the role assigned to architecture and urban design in realizing it – remained a reference, challenge, and standard against which the postwar Austrian social welfare programme was measured and, especially in the decades following the Second World War, found wanting.
Architecture and the Welfare State by Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel