An Introduction to Political Philosophy (Cambridge by Colin Bird PDF

By Colin Bird

ISBN-10: 0521544823

ISBN-13: 9780521544825

Offering a complete creation to political philosophy, this e-book combines dialogue of old and modern figures, including quite a few real-life examples. It levels over an surprisingly vast diversity of subject matters within the box, together with the simply distribution of wealth, either inside international locations and globally; the character and justification of political authority; the which means and value of freedom; arguments for and opposed to democratic rule; the matter of battle; and the grounds for toleration in public lifestyles. It additionally bargains an available, non-technical dialogue of perfectionism, utilitarianism, theories of the social agreement, and of lately renowned sorts of serious thought. all through, the e-book demanding situations readers to imagine significantly approximately political arguments and associations that they may in a different way take with no consideration. will probably be a provocative textual content for any scholar of philosophy or political technology.

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Extra info for An Introduction to Political Philosophy (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy)

Example text

The resulting research agenda assumes that Plato’s ideal of a well-lived life is the ultimate end for the sake of which social and political arrangements exist and relative to which they ought finally to be evaluated. In effect, then, Plato’s argument takes his perfectionist ideal as the ultimate touchstone of rational justification in politics. Since, on his view, everyone’s well-being is (allegedly) equally at stake in the design and effects of our political arrangements, that ideal affords an impartial standpoint from which to evaluate them.

25 26 An Introduction to Political Philosophy ethical beliefs about their proper roles and responsibilities, as well as their views about how others ought to be acting. These beliefs will also tend to guide their actions, and so conceptions of justice will have effects on what agents choose for themselves, how they treat each other, what expectations they make of themselves and others, what they criticize each other for, how they allocate important social and political responsibilities, how wealth and property are divided, and much else.

It would be strange to say that there could be an essentially just society that is in no respect better than an unjust one. Indeed, we would normally say that a society we know to be just is in some very fundamental sense a better society than one we know to be unjust. We are likely to believe this even when the adjective ‘‘just’’ is applied to things we otherwise regard as bad. We may think, for example, that war is always regrettable, but would nonetheless accept that a just war is in some important respect better, or at any rate less bad, than an unjust one.

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An Introduction to Political Philosophy (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy) by Colin Bird


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