By Paul Johannesson, Erik Perjons
This e-book is an introductory textual content on layout technological know-how, meant to help either graduate scholars and researchers in structuring, venture and proposing layout technological know-how paintings. It builds on proven layout technological know-how tools in addition to fresh paintings on featuring layout technological know-how stories and moral rules for layout technological know-how, and likewise deals novel tools for visualizing the consequences, either within the kind of strategy diagrams and during a canvas layout. whereas the e-book doesn't presume any earlier wisdom of layout technology, it presents readers with a radical knowing of the topic and allows them to delve into a lot deeper aspect, because of huge sections on extra reading.
Design technological know-how in details platforms and expertise goals to create novel artifacts within the kind of types, equipment, and platforms that help humans in constructing, utilizing and retaining IT suggestions. This paintings makes a speciality of layout technology as utilized to info platforms and know-how, however it additionally comprises examples from, and views of, different fields of human practice.
Chapter 1 offers an summary of layout technology and descriptions its ties with empirical study. bankruptcy 2 discusses some of the kinds and different types of wisdom that may be used and produced by means of layout technological know-how examine, whereas bankruptcy three offers a short evaluate of universal empirical examine recommendations and techniques. bankruptcy four introduces a methodological framework for helping researchers in doing layout technological know-how learn in addition to in featuring their effects. This framework contains 5 center actions, that are defined intimately in Chapters five to nine. bankruptcy 10 discusses how you can speak layout technology effects, whereas bankruptcy eleven compares the proposed methodological framework with equipment for structures improvement and indicates how they are often mixed. bankruptcy 12 discusses how layout technological know-how pertains to learn paradigms, specifically to positivism and interpretivism. finally, bankruptcy thirteen discusses moral matters and rules for layout technology research.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Design Science
Explanatory knowledge only explains events after they have happened and cannot be used for predicting future events. e. it predicts outcomes based on underlying factors but without explaining causal or other relationships between them. The goal of predictive knowledge is accurate prediction, not understanding. 24 2 Knowledge Types and Forms High-level predictive knowledge with a broad generality is not common in the IT and information systems area; one of the few examples is the COCOMO model (Boehm 1981), which provides cost estimation for software development.
In other words, explicit knowledge facilitates reflection and innovation. One of the main purposes of design science is to support designers and researchers in making design knowledge explicit, thereby moving design from craft to science. Design science offers this support by clarifying the principles behind design and by providing methods for creating artefacts as well as explicit knowledge about them. However, not all of the knowledge embedded in an artefact can be made explicit, and therefore, the artefact itself is a vital result of any design science project.
For example, descriptive knowledge can claim that a majority of the ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system users in a company are dissatisfied. g. that the company Ericsson has invested in a new global ERP system. It may also describe relationships among entities, thereby providing an analysis of these, for example, the modular composition of an ERP system. In contrast to definitional knowledge, descriptive knowledge does include statements that are claimed to be true. In other words, descriptive knowledge claims to describe the world “as is”.
An Introduction to Design Science by Paul Johannesson, Erik Perjons