By Jessica Wang
No expert team within the usa benefited extra from global warfare II than the medical neighborhood. After the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, scientists loved unparalleled public visibility and political effect as a brand new elite whose services now appeared serious to America's destiny. yet because the usa grew dedicated to chilly warfare clash with the Soviet Union and the ideology of anticommunism got here to dominate American politics, scientists confronted an more and more lively routine of safeguard and loyalty clearances in addition to the specter of intrusive investigations by way of the infamous condominium Committee on Un-American actions and different govt bodies.
This booklet is the 1st significant research of yankee scientists' encounters with chilly battle anticommunism within the decade after global battle II. by means of reading situations of person scientists subjected to loyalty and protection investigations, the organizational reaction of the clinical group to political assaults, and the relationships among chilly battle ideology and postwar technological know-how coverage, Jessica Wang demonstrates the stifling results of anticommunist ideology at the politics of technology. She exposes the deep divisions over the chilly warfare in the clinical neighborhood and offers a fancy tale of challenging offerings, a neighborhood in main issue, and roads no longer taken.
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Extra info for American Science in an Age of Anxiety: Scientists, Anticommunism, and the Cold War
Other nations would eventually develop their own atomic bombs, and American dependence on nuclear weapons would inevitably lead to a ruinous arms race. Therefore, international control of atomic energy was an utter necessity to forestall a disastrous future of nuclear proliferation. Over and over, the atomic scientists stressed a three-part analysis, quickly summarized by journalist Louis Falstein as follows: ‘‘1. The A-Bomb is no secret. 2. We cannot long have a monopoly of its manufacture. 3.
The Science Mobilization bill received support from prominent New Dealers, including Thurman Arnold and Vice President Henry A. Wallace, who both reserved special praise for the bill’s antimonopoly features. Among scientists, the progressive left American Association of Scientific Workers (aasw) applauded Kilgore’s efforts. )≥≥ Deep-seated opposition rose from other quarters, however. In addition to representatives from industry and the military, elite leaders of science, including Vannevar Bush, James B.
Conant, and J. Robert Oppenheimer—endorsed the bill. Scientists back at the Manhattan Project sites were outraged by the scientific elite’s apparent capitulation to military authority. Security policy had been a major source of contention between scientists and the army during the war, and for many scientists, scientific freedom and the need to minimize external controls on research more than justified opposition to the bill. The atomic scientists objected to May-Johnson for reasons beyond pure self-interest and a desire for scientific autonomy, however.
American Science in an Age of Anxiety: Scientists, Anticommunism, and the Cold War by Jessica Wang