By Hamed K. Abbas
Aflatoxins are answerable for harmful as much as 25% of the world’s nutrition vegetation, leading to huge fiscal losses in built nations and human and animal affliction in under-developed ones. as well as aflatoxins, the presence of different mycotoxins, relatively fumonisins, brings extra issues in regards to the security of foodstuff and box provides. There has no longer been a entire, unmarried resource advisor to synthesize the main up to date details in this factor – in the past. Aflatoxin and foodstuff protection provides the most recent info on hand in aflatoxin study and keep watch over. The editor – a number one writer, educator, and speaker on mycotoxin – has synthesized chapters from across the world well known specialists right into a unmarried entire source. The textual content considers the global effect of aflatoxins and describes fresh advances in study on aflatoxin creation, research, and toxicology. It additionally examines the innovations utilized in controlling aflatoxin construction in plants, together with the improvement of crop resistance to aflatoxin via such equipment as traditional breeding and genetic engineering. In its ultimate part, the publication discusses the post-harvest administration of aflatoxin in infected meals and feeds. an incredible resourcefor these fascinated with various organic, biomedical, and agricultural fields, Aflatoxin and nutrition security aggregates the aflatoxin study accomplished via the world’s best scientists during the last 15 years in an intensive and available structure.
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Additional resources for Aflatoxin and Food Safety (Food Science and Technology)
84. , Aﬂatoxin contamination of Arachis hypogaea (groundnuts) in Lagos area of Nigeria, Bull. Environ. Contam. , 71, 42–45, 2003. fm Page 28 Wednesday, September 7, 2005 5:16 PM 28 Aflatoxin and Food Safety 85. , 78, 704–708, 1994. 86. , Artisanal peanut oil contamination by aﬂatoxins in Senegal, Ann. Pharm. , 58, 470-474, 2000. 87. E. , Mycotoxic ﬂora and mycotoxins in smoke-dried ﬁsh from Sierra Leone, Nahrung, 5, 485–489, 1992. 88. ) in Sierra Leone and their potential aﬂatoxin/mycotoxin production, Mycopathologia, 104, 123–127, 1988.
38 Although South African maize is virtually free of aﬂatoxin contamination, improper harvest and storage practices can give rise to fungal growth and consequently high levels of toxin. 39 Although the health implications of aﬂatoxin contamination of food have been known for a number of decades and maximum tolerated levels have been widely legislated by many countries, including South Africa, the need for reliable and regular monitoring of commodities is paramount. 40 In the absence of any ofﬁcial data being made available, it may be concluded that a lack of adequate control and testing of samples from certain peanut butter suppliers to this program has exposed signiﬁcant numbers of young children to dietary aﬂatoxin.
2 LIBYA In the ﬁrst report on the natural occurrence of aﬂatoxins in Libya, 20 of 25 sheep, cattle, and camel feedstuffs were found to be contaminated with various mixtures of AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, and AFG2 as detected and conﬁrmed by thin-layer chromatography;63 however, exact levels of contamination were not reported. 64 Whereas only 4% of mixed feed samples from feed mills contained AFB1, 17% of samples from the poultry farms showed contamination, indicating the need for improved agricultural hygiene practices to prevent fungal growth in feeding troughs.
Aflatoxin and Food Safety (Food Science and Technology) by Hamed K. Abbas