By Donald Denoon
Whilst it got here in September 1975, Papua New Guinea’s independence used to be marked through either anxiousness and elation. within the euphoric aftermath, decolonisation used to be declared a triumph and instant occasions looked as if it would justify that self assurance. via the Nineties, in spite of the fact that, occasions had taken a flip for the more serious and there have been doubts concerning the skill of the kingdom to operate. earlier than independence, Papua New Guinea was once an Australian Territory. accountability lay with a minister in Canberra and companies have been supplied by means of Commonwealth enterprises. In 1973, top Minister Gough Whitlam declared that independence can be completed inside years. whereas Australians have been united of their wish to decolonise, many Papua New Guineans have been anxious of independence. This superlative historical past offers the total tale of the ‘trial separation’ of Australia and Papua New Guinea, concluding that — given the intertwined historical past, geography and economies of the 2 neighbours — the decolonisation venture of ‘independence’ continues to be a piece in development.
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Extra info for A Trial Separation: Australia And the Decolonisation of Papua New Guinea
Firth notes that colonial governments in Melanesia were rudimentary, whereas Christian missions exercised wide powers. Many missions came earlier and provided more services than the State. During Japanese occupation in World War II, many missionaries stayed with their flocks when other foreigners fled. 29 Christianity became ‘traditional’ for many people. In Bougainville in 1939, anthropologist Douglas Oliver counted 65 missionaries shepherding 30,000 souls, or two out of every three villagers.
G. Crocombe, ‘Land Tenure in the South Pacific’, in R. G. Ward, Man in the Pacific Islands: essays on geographical change in the Pacific Islands, Oxford, 1972, p. 220. 28. Alan Ward, in ‘Hindsight’. 29. , The Cambridge History of the Pacific Islanders. 30. 68/4999, ‘Bougainville Situation’, October 2, 1968. 20 A Trial Separation 31. 69/2217, undated report on the impact of Bougainville copper on wages. 32. David Elder, ‘Bougainville Background’, cited in Donald Denoon, Getting Under the Skin: the Bougainville copper agreement and the creation of the Panguna Mine, Melbourne University Press, 2000.
236. See also his ‘Planning in a Primitive Economy: special problems of Papua New Guinea’, The Economic Record, Vol. 38, No. 40, December 1962; ‘Planning in a Primitive Economy: from pure subsistence to the production of a market surplus’, The Economic Record, Vol. 40, No. 90, June 1964; and ‘Labour absorption capacity of subsistence agriculture’, The Economic Record, Vol. 47, No. 119, September 1971. 25. World Bank Report, cited in D. , The Cambridge History of the Pacific Islanders. 26. W. A.
A Trial Separation: Australia And the Decolonisation of Papua New Guinea by Donald Denoon